Shape oscillations of an oil drop rising in water: effect of surface contamination

Abstract : Inertial shape oscillations of heptane drops rising in water are investigated experimentally. Diameters from 0.59 to 3.52 mm are considered, corresponding to a regime where the rising motion should not affect shape oscillations for pure immiscible fluids. The interface, however, turns out to be contaminated. The drag coefficient is considerably increased compared to that of a clean drop due to the well-known. Marangoni effect resulting from a gradient of surfactant concentration generated by the fluid motion along the interface. Thanks to the decomposition of the shape into spherical harmonics, the eigenfrequencies and the damping rates of oscillation modes n = 2, 3, 4 and 5 have been measured. Frequencies are not affected by contamination, while damping rates are increased by a considerable amount that depends neither on drop instantaneous velocity nor on diameter. This augmentation, however, depends on the mode number: it is maximum for mode two (multiplied by 2.4) and then relaxes towards the value of a clean drop as n increases. A previous similar investigation of a drop attached to a capillary has not revealed such an increase of the damping rates, indicating that the coupling between rising motion and surface contamination is responsible for this effect.
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Nicolas Abi Chebel, Jiří Vejražka, Olivier Masbernat, Frederic Risso. Shape oscillations of an oil drop rising in water: effect of surface contamination. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2012, vol. 702, pp. 533-542. ⟨10.1017/jfm.2012.205⟩. ⟨hal-00906149⟩

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