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Coupling the Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer Scheme ORCHIDEE to the agronomy model STICS to study the influence of croplands on the European carbon and water budgets

Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudré 1, 2 Sébastien Gervois 1 Philippe Ciais 1, 3 Nicolas Viovy 1, 4 Nadine Brisson Bernard Seguin Alain Perrier
2 ESTIMR - Extrèmes : Statistiques, Impacts et Régionalisation
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
3 ICOS-ATC - ICOS-ATC
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
4 MOSAIC - Modélisation des Surfaces et Interfaces Continentales
LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette] : DRF/LSCE
Abstract : Agriculture is still accounted for in a very simplistic way in the land-surface models which are coupled to climate models, while the area it occupies will significantly increase in the next century according to future scenarios. In order to improve the representation of croplands in a Dynamic Global Vegetation Model named ORCHIDEE (which can be coupled to the IPSL1 climate model), we have (1) developed a procedure which assimilates some of the variables simulated by a detailed crop model, STICS, and (2) modified some parameterisations to avoid inconsistencies between assimilated and computed variables in ORCHIDEE. Site simulations show that the seasonality of the cropland-atmosphere fluxes of water, energy and CO2 is strongly modified when more realistic crop parameterisations are introduced in ORCHIDEE. A more realistic representation of wheat and corn croplands over Western Europe leads to a drying out of the atmosphere at the end of summer and during autumn, while the soils remain wetter, specially at the time when winter crops are sowed. The seasonality of net CO2 uptake fluxes is also enhanced and shortened.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 1, 2004 - 10:00:00 AM
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Nathalie de Noblet-Ducoudré, Sébastien Gervois, Philippe Ciais, Nicolas Viovy, Nadine Brisson, et al.. Coupling the Soil-Vegetation-Atmosphere-Transfer Scheme ORCHIDEE to the agronomy model STICS to study the influence of croplands on the European carbon and water budgets. Agronomie, EDP Sciences, 2004, 24 (6-7), pp.397-407. ⟨10.1051/agro:2004038⟩. ⟨hal-00886031⟩

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