Nonlinear elasticity of cross-linked networks

Abstract : Cross-linked semiflexible polymer networks are omnipresent in living cells. Typical examples are actin networks in the cytoplasm of eukaryotic cells, which play an essential role in cell motility, and the spectrin network, a key element in maintaining the integrity of erythrocytes in the blood circulatory system. We introduce a simple mechanical network model at the length scale of the typical mesh size and derive a continuous constitutive law relating the stress to deformation. The continuous constitutive law is found to be generically nonlinear even if the microscopic law at the scale of the mesh size is linear. The nonlinear bulk mechanical properties are in good agreement with the experimental data for semiflexible polymer networks, i.e., the network stiffens and exhibits a negative normal stress in response to a volume-conserving shear deformation, whereby the normal stress is of the same order as the shear stress. Furthermore, it shows a strain localization behavior in response to an uniaxial compression. Within the same model we find a hierarchy of constitutive laws depending on the degree of nonlinearities retained in the final equation. The presented theory provides a basis for the continuum description of polymer networks such as actin or spectrin in complex geometries and it can be easily coupled to growth problems, as they occur, for example, in modeling actin-driven motility.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 7, 2013 - 3:02:56 PM
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Karin John, Denis Caillerie, Philippe Peyla, Annie Raoult, Chaouqi Misbah. Nonlinear elasticity of cross-linked networks. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2013, 87, pp.42721. ⟨10.1103/PHYSREVE.87.042721⟩. ⟨hal-00881106⟩



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