DFT study of the fragmentation mechanism of uracil RNA base.

Abstract : The fragmentation process of the uracil RNA base has been investigated via DFT calculations in order to assign fragments to the ionisation mass spectrum obtained after dissociation induced by collision experiments. The analysis of the electronic distribution and geometry parameters of the cation allows selection of several bonds that may be cleaved and lead to the formation of various fragments. Differences are observed in the electronic behaviour of the bond breaking as well as the energy required for the cleavage. It is reported that N(3)-C(4) and N(1)-C(2) bonds are more easily cleaved than the C(5)-C(6) bond, since the corresponding energy barriers amount to ΔG = +1.627, +1.710, +5.459 eV, respectively, which makes the C(5)-C(6) bond cleavage almost prohibited. Among all possible formed fragments, the formation of the OCN(+) fragment for the peak at m/z = 42 Da is excluded because of an intermediate that was not observed experimentally and too a large free energy barrier. Based on the required free energy, it is observed that two fragment derivatives: C(2)H(4)N(+) and C(2)H(2)O˙(+) may be formed, with a small preference for C(2)H(4)N(+). This latter product is not formed through a retro Diels Alder reaction in contrast to C(2)H(2)O˙(+). The following sequence is proposed for the peak at 42 Da: C(2)H(4)N(+) (from N(1)-C(2), C(4)-C(5) cleavages) > C(2)H(2)O˙(+) (from N(3)-C(4), N(1)-C(2) and C(5)-C(6) cleavages) > C(2)H(4)N(+) (from N(1)-C(2), N(3)-C(4) and C(4)-C(5)) > C(2)H(2)O˙(+) (from C(5)-C(6), N(1)-C(2) and N(3)-C(4) cleavages) > NCO(+) (from N(1)-C(2), C(4)-C(5) and N(3)-C(4) cleavages). Finally the peak at 28 Da is assigned to CNH(2)(+) derivatives that can be formed through two different paths, the easiest one requiring 5.4 eV.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 28, 2013 - 11:37:28 AM
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Leila Sadr Arani, Pierre Mignon, H. Abdoul-Carime, B. Farizon, M. Farizon, et al.. DFT study of the fragmentation mechanism of uracil RNA base.. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2012, 14 (28), pp.9855-9870. ⟨10.1039/c2cp40384f⟩. ⟨hal-00877324⟩

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