Vitellogenin-like protein measurement in caged Gammarus fossarum males as a biomarker of endocrine disruptor exposure: Inconclusive experience

Abstract : A vitellogenin (Vg) mass spectrometry-based assay was recently developed to actively biomonitor and assess the exposure of the amphipod Gammarus fossarum to endocrine-disrupting chemicals in freshwater hydrosystems. This paper focuses on the appropriate use of this biomarker, which requires good knowledge of its basal level in males and its natural variability related to intrinsic biotic and environmental abiotic factors. To obtain the lowest biomarker variability, we first studied some of these confounding factors. We observed that the spermatogenesis stage did not have an impact on the Vg level, allowing flexibility in the choice of transplanted gammarids. In the second part of the study, males were transplanted in two clean stations for 21 days, with results indicating a spatial and temporal variability of Vg levels. These Vg changes could not be correlated to environmental factors (e.g., temperature, pH and hardness of waters). Vg induction was then assessed in 21 stations having various levels of contamination. Inductions were observed for only two of the impacted stations studied. Under reference and contaminated conditions, a high interindividual variability of Vg levels was observed in caged organisms, severely limiting the sensitivity of the biomarker and its ability to detect a significant endocrine-disruptor effect. This may be explained by unidentified environmental factors that should later be determined to improved the use of Vg as a biomarker in male G. fossarum. Moreover, as discussed in this paper, recent advancements regarding the pleiotropic functions of the Vg gene in some species may complicate the application of this biomarker in males of invertebrate species
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Aquatic Toxicology, Elsevier, 2012, 122, pp.9-18. 〈10.1016/j.aquatox.2012.05.007〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00875205
Contributeur : Agnès Bussy <>
Soumis le : lundi 21 octobre 2013 - 14:07:45
Dernière modification le : vendredi 23 mars 2018 - 14:50:03

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Guillaume Jubeaux, Romain Simon, Arnaud Salvador, Christelle Lopes, Emilie Lacaze, et al.. Vitellogenin-like protein measurement in caged Gammarus fossarum males as a biomarker of endocrine disruptor exposure: Inconclusive experience. Aquatic Toxicology, Elsevier, 2012, 122, pp.9-18. 〈10.1016/j.aquatox.2012.05.007〉. 〈hal-00875205〉

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