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Adaptation ou réaction locale vis-à-vis de l’administration espagnole au Maroc dans le premier tiers du XXe siècle

Abstract : From 1886 till 1976, the administration of certain North African territories by Spain, - which culture, education and language also penetrated through its five North African fortified garrisons in its Protectorate of Morocco-, contributed to the traffic of ideas among the autochthons. Rural or urban, the controlled social categories rebelled rather than they adapted willy-nilly of this shape of subjection which confiscated them the diplomatic, commercial and strategic management. Hierarchically stratified from sultanate to slavery - remaining in spite of its abolition in 1922-, they interacted in a constant balance of power with the Hispanic rulers and servicemen in charge of the maintenance of law and order for the western imperialism. This study thus suggests glimpsing how some figures of the autochthonous elite, having appropriated the technical, military, legal and media knowledge transmitted by the Iberian example and teaching, did not content themselves with promotions or with the access to the health services of the protective power, but demanded a political transformation. So, trying to surmount the tribal rivalries between clans, the emir Abd El-Krim ben Muhammad el Khattabi's (Ajdir-Aif-Yusef on 1882 - Cairo 7-II-1963) Riffian resistance movement did not only fight against the Peninsular army summoned to protect the colonial companies, but for a national unity including the French protectorate.
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Marie-Catherine Talvikki Chanfreau. Adaptation ou réaction locale vis-à-vis de l’administration espagnole au Maroc dans le premier tiers du XXe siècle. Mémoire(s), identité(s), marginalité(s) dans le monde occidental contemporain. Cahiers du MIMMOC, Université de Poitiers ; MIMMOC, 2013, Cultures coloniales et postcoloniales et décolonisation, ⟨10.4000/mimmoc.1372⟩. ⟨hal-02046036⟩



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