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Photocatalytic Conversion of Gaseous Nitrogen Trichloride into Available Chlorine-Experimental and Modeling Study

Abstract : In water, chlorine reacts with nitrogen-containing compounds to produce disinfection byproducts such as nitrogen trichloride which induces ocular and respiratory irritations in swimming pool workers. A technical solution has been used to reduce NCl3 exposure to acceptable levels, by adding a stripping step to the water recycling loop. The pollutants extracted are currently rejected into the atmosphere without treatment. However, the physical properties of NCl3 could be harnessed to induce its controlled degradation by direct or indirect light. This paper describes the way to transform NCl3 into oxidizing chlorine by photocatalysis under laboratory conditions. Photocatalytic oxidation efficiently degrades gaseous nitrogen trichloride, producing compounds such as HClO. About 60% of NCl3 decomposed was converted into HClO which could be used as a disinfection compound. A kinetic model is proposed for the photocatalytic process based on a convection/diffusion model. The Langmuir-Hinshelwood model was applied to the chemical part of the mechanism. The apparent quantum yield was also estimated to assess the optimal irradiance for NCl3 transformation. The results show that photocatalysis performs much better than photolysis alone for NCl3 removal, i.e. at least 25 times more efficient.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00858592
Contributor : Gabriel Wild <>
Submitted on : Thursday, September 5, 2013 - 3:45:12 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:25:26 AM

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Fabien Gérardin, Annaëlle Cloteaux, M. Guillemot, Marie Faure, Jean-Claude Andre. Photocatalytic Conversion of Gaseous Nitrogen Trichloride into Available Chlorine-Experimental and Modeling Study. Environmental Science and Technology, American Chemical Society, 2013, 47 (9), pp.4628-4635. ⟨10.1021/es400588m⟩. ⟨hal-00858592⟩

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