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Seismogenic zone temperatures and heat-flow anomalies in the To-nankai margin segment based on temperature data from IODP expedition 333 and thermal model

Abstract : The location of the seismogenic zone across the To-nankai margin segment has been widely investigated using geodetic, tsunami, seismologic, and heat-flow data as well as thermal models. Seafloor heat-flow measurements show large scatter, raising questions about the thermal state of the incoming and overriding plates. In this study, new temperature and conductivity measurements recorded in the Philippine Sea Plate (PSP) and in the accretionary prism during IODP Expedition 333 are integrated with recent data on the margin structure and seismicity to improve constraints on the thermal structure of the incoming plate and the subduction zone as well as the thermal conditions within the seismogenic zone. IODP Expedition 333 measurements provide heat-flow values that are lower than the average of nearby seafloor measurements. Thermal modeling for the PSP suggests that hydrothermal warming is insignificant in the trench. Thus, an observed widespread positive thermal anomaly in the Shikoku Basin that peaks at the Kashinozaki knoll more likely results from vigorous thermal convection in the upper mantle in back-arc context. The modeled thermal structure of the margin from the trench to the mantle shows a significantly colder interplate contact than in previous studies. The seismogenic zone is likely to be 30-170 km from the deformation front, corresponding to the 100-340 °C temperature range. The 1944 co-seismic slip zone extends farther southward where temperatures are about 60 °C. Slow-slip earthquakes are located in the downdip transition zone between 340 and 440 °C across the intersection of the Moho and the megathrust fault. This improved thermal structure from the trench to the mantle results mainly from a better estimate of oceanic plate age, slab dip and sedimentation rate variations in the trench. This last parameter cools the interplate contact until a depth of ∼35 km, shifting the thermally defined seismogenic zone landward by ∼20 km and significantly diminishing its influence near the corner flow area.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00852297
Contributor : Thierry Pin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 20, 2013 - 3:21:37 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 22, 2021 - 5:52:02 AM

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Boris Marcaillou, Pierre Henry, Masataka Kinoshita, Toshiya Kanamatsu, Elizabeth Screaton, et al.. Seismogenic zone temperatures and heat-flow anomalies in the To-nankai margin segment based on temperature data from IODP expedition 333 and thermal model. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2012, 349, pp.171-185. ⟨10.1016/j.epsl.2012.06.048⟩. ⟨hal-00852297⟩

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