Phytochemicals, antioxidant, antimicrobial and phytotoxic activities of Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle leaves

Abstract : A comprehensive study on the volatile oil and phenolic constituents of Ailanthus altissima Swingle (Simaroubaceae) leaves was performed. Methanolic extracts of leaves and their hydrodistilled residues were screened for their antioxidant, antimicrobial and phytotoxic properties. The results showed that the leaf volatile oils were a complex mixture of more than a hundred components, mainly composed by non-terpenic compounds (tetradecanol, heneicosane, tricosane and docosane) and sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (α-curcumene and α-gurjunene). Methanolic extracts from leaves contain the highest level of total phenolic content, while those from the hydrodistilled residues showed the highest total flavonoid content. The most frequent phenolic compounds identified by HPLC-DAD-MS were gallic acid, chlorogenic acid, HHDP-galloylglucose, epicatechin, rutin, hyperoside and quercetin-3-galloyl hexoside. Evaluation of the antioxidant activities by using four complementary tests (DPPH, ABTS, 2-deoxyribose and FRAP) showed that both extracts exhibited strong concentration-dependent antioxidant activities. These extracts were efficient against Gram-positive bacteria, but not active against Gram-negative bacterial strains and the yeast Candida albicans. They also exhibited strong inhibitory effects on the germination and the radicle growth of the wild Daucus carota. This work provides scientific supports for the high antioxidant and phytotoxic activities of this species and thus, it may find potential applications in the development of natural herbicides and antioxidants for agro-food and pharmaceutical industries.
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Submitted on : Monday, August 12, 2013 - 2:32:02 PM
Last modification on : Monday, March 11, 2019 - 4:29:45 PM

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Ferdaous Albouchi, Imed E. Hassen, Hervé Casabianca, Karim Hosni. Phytochemicals, antioxidant, antimicrobial and phytotoxic activities of Ailanthus altissima (Mill.) Swingle leaves. South African Journal of Botany, Elsevier, 2013, 87, pp.164-174. 〈10.1016/j.sajb.2013.04.003〉. 〈hal-00851120〉

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