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Conference papers

Re‐processing of mining waste : Combining environmental management and metal recovery?

Abstract : Raw materials are essential for the sustainable functioning of modern societies. Access to and affordability of mineral raw materials are crucial for the sound functioning of the EU's economy. The increasing demand in raw materials raises now growing concern regarding the mineral resources and especially metals availability. Furthermore many metals, metalloids or rare earth elements which didn't have any application in the past are now used for the manufacture of high added value products especially in the domain of new and green technologies. Many of them are by‐products of base metals production and their reserves are very limited. Thereby, a list of strategic and critical materials was established by the European Commission in 2010. Following the rich mining history of France, there are currently some 300 mineral deposits mined or significantly explored. These are the source of large quantities of "tailings" (gangue, processing waste resulting from concentration or hydrometallurgical treatment, slag, heap). The European Directive 2006/21/EC of 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries oversees the permit conditions, storage, monitoring and control of the mining waste to ensure the protection of human health and the environment. The Member States have in particular to carry out and periodically update an inventory of closed waste facilities which cause or have the potential to cause a serious threat to human health or the environment. Moreover, the directive encourages the recovery of extractive waste by means of recycling, reusing or reclaiming such waste. Following this, an inventory was finalized in France in 2012. 2,100 metallic and 1,300 coal tailings were identified and prioritized according to their potential impacts on ground waters, surface waters, soils and human health. Among these, 53 sites with major environmental issues were listed. These sites are and will be the subject of specific actions (environmental and sanitary studies, works of rehabilitation) in order to reduce their long‐term impact both on human health and environment. Metallic elements present in the tailings being by nature nondegradable, these actions require long‐term approaches. The paper focus on one of these sites, former Pb‐Ag mines, which operation have led to the production of 200,000 m3 of mining wastes. A French Geological Survey (BRGM) rehabilitation program, based on environmental studies, was designed to stop additional tailings erosion toward the river and the surrounding areas and to avoid any contacts between the contaminated materials and the population. Metals recovery could be envisaged to mitigate the remediation cost. Indeed, old waste deposits related to past mining and metallurgical activities can be considered as significant reserves of valuable metals because these latter were not exploited or because economically recoverable metals may remain. In France, a recently started project handled by BRGM is aimed at identifying interesting old mining wastes deposits at the national level and assessing the metal recovery potential of these dumps. In a first step, it focuses on previous sites to be rehabilitated. The objective is to develop a methodology combining mining wastes environmental management and economic valorisation in a long term perspective.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 9, 2013 - 10:46:18 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, February 3, 2022 - 2:56:05 PM
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Gaël Bellenfant, Anne-Gwenaëlle Guezennec, Françoise Bodénan, Patrick d'Hugues, Daniel Cassard. Re‐processing of mining waste : Combining environmental management and metal recovery?. Mine Closure 2013, Sep 2013, Cornwall, United Kingdom. pp.571-582. ⟨hal-00849984⟩

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