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Estimation of vehicle sideslip, tire force and wheel cornering stiffness

Abstract : This paper presents a process for the estimation of tire-road forces, vehicle sideslip angle and wheel cornering stiffness. The method uses measurements (yaw rate, longi- tudinal/lateral accelerations, steering angle and angular wheel velocities) only from sensors which can be integrated or have already been integrated in modern cars. The estimation process is based on two blocks in series: the first block contains a sliding-mode observer whose principal role is to calculate tire-road forces, while in the second block an extended Kalman filter estimates sideslip angle and cor- nering stiffness. More specifically, this study proposes an adaptive tire-force model that takes variations in road friction into account. The paper also presents a study of convergence for the sliding-mode observer. The estimation process was applied and compared to real experimental data, in particular wheel force measurements. Experimental results show the accuracy and potential of the estimation process. Vehicle dynamics, Tire-road force, Sideslip angle, Cornering stiffness, Sliding-mode observer
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Guillaume Baffet, Ali Charara, Daniel Lechner. Estimation of vehicle sideslip, tire force and wheel cornering stiffness. Control Engineering Practice, Elsevier, 2009, 17 (vol17, n11), pp1255-1264. ⟨10.1016/j.conengprac.2009.05.005⟩. ⟨hal-00849264⟩

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