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A chest wall model based on rib kinematics

Abstract : The success of radiotherapy treatment could be compromised by motion. Lung tumours are particularly concerned by this problem because their positions are subject to breathing motion. To reduce the uncertainty on the position of pulmonary tumours during breathing cycle, we propose to develop a complete thoracic biomechanical model. This model will be monitored through the measurement of external parameters (thorax outer-surface motion, air flow...) and should predict in real-time the location of lung tumour. In this paper, we expose a biomechanical model of the lung environment, based on anatomical and physiological knowledge. The model includes the skin, the ribs, the pleura and the soft tissue between the skin and the ribcage. Motions and deformations are computed with the Finite Element Method. The ribcage direct kinematics model, permits to compute the skin position from the ribs motion. Conversely, the inverse kinematics provides rib motion and consequently lung motion. It can be computed from the outer-surface motion. With regards to available clinical data the results are promising. In particular, the average error is lower than the resolution of the CT-scan images used as input data.
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https://hal.inria.fr/hal-00849198
Contributor : Pierre-Frédéric Villard <>
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Last modification on : Tuesday, November 19, 2019 - 2:46:40 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00849198, version 1

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Anne-Laure Didier, Pierre-Frédéric Villard, Jacques Saadé, Jean-Michel Moreau, Michaël Beuve, et al.. A chest wall model based on rib kinematics. 6th International Conference on Biomedical Visualization, 2009, Barcelona, Spain. ⟨hal-00849198⟩

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