Intramural neovascularization and haemorrhages are major long-term effects of intravascular gamma-radiation after stenting.

Abstract : Structural changes that might influence the structural integrity of the vessel in response to intravascular brachytherapy (IVB) and stenting were examined, focus being on the importance of neovascularization in rabbit stented arteries. Stents were implanted in the infrarenal aortas of rabbits, immediately followed by gamma IVB or a sham radiation procedure, and the arteries harvested at 6 months. Labelling for von Willebrand factor showed an increase in adventitial and medial neovascularization in irradiated versus control arteries group (5.04+/-0.89 versus 1.51+/-0.23 mm(-2), respectively; p=0.004). Moreover, intramedial haemorrhages (free hemosiderin deposition) and inflammation (macrophages) were only observed in irradiated arteries. No significant change in expression of matrix metalloproteinase 1, 2 or 3 was observed between the irradiated and control group while collagen content decreased in the irradiated versus the control group (10.05%+/-1.48% versus 31.92%+/-3.12%, respectively; p<0.001). The study supports the hypothesis that IVB associated with stenting induces late deleterious effects on the medial layer, characterized by formation of intramural neovessels, haemorrhages and a decrease in collagen content.
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Submitted on : Friday, June 28, 2013 - 2:57:01 PM
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David Busseuil, Marianne Zeller, Yves Cottin, Alain Lalande, I. Barillot, et al.. Intramural neovascularization and haemorrhages are major long-term effects of intravascular gamma-radiation after stenting.. International Journal of Radiation Biology, Informa Healthcare, 2003, 79 (10), pp.787-792. ⟨hal-00839572⟩

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