La probabilité des jugements de Nicolas-François Canard

Thierry Martin 1
1 EA2274 - Logiques de l'agir
LdA - Logiques de l'Agir ( EA 2274)
Abstract : In his Principes d'économie politique (1801), Nicolas-François Canard (1754-1833) calls for algebra to describe economic phenomena and is, in that capacity, usually considered as a precursor of mathematic economy. He is the author of a dissertation on the reform of the criminal procedure too in which he expounds a theory of the probability of judgements and the moral certainty. We can then wonder whether, as some people said, Canard mobilizes the ressources of the probability calculation to apply them to the legal field. The article shows that it's nothing of the sort ; if Canard uses indeed mathematics in this text, it is not the mathematic theory of probabilities and he does not develop a probabilistic reasoning either. Also we here intend to investigate how the concept of probability is being dealt with by Canard and, more precisely, what is his representation of of the probability of testimony.
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Submitted on : Monday, June 24, 2013 - 1:06:17 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00837791, version 1

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Thierry Martin. La probabilité des jugements de Nicolas-François Canard. Electronic Journ@l for History of Probability and Statistics, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 2011, 7 (1), 22 p. 〈hal-00837791〉

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