Markov Logic Network for supervised gene regulation inference: application to the ID2 regulatory network in human keratinocytes

Céline Brouard 1 Julie Dubois 1, 2 Christel Vrain 2 David Castel 3 Marie-Anne Debily 3 Florence d'Alché-Buc 1, 4
4 AMIB - Algorithms and Models for Integrative Biology
LIX - Laboratoire d'informatique de l'École polytechnique [Palaiseau], LRI - Laboratoire de Recherche en Informatique, UP11 - Université Paris-Sud - Paris 11, Inria Saclay - Ile de France
Abstract : Gene regulatory network inference remains a challenging problem in systems biology despite numerous approaches. When substantial knowledge on a gene regulatory network is already available, supervised network inference also is appropriate. Such a method builds a binary classifier able to assign a class (Regulation/No regulation) to an ordered pair of genes. Once learnt, the classifier can be used to predict new regulations. In this work, we explore the framework of Markov Logic Network (MLN) recently introduced by Richardson and Domingos (2004, 2006). A MLN is a random Markov network that codes for a set of weighted formula. It therefore combines features of probabilistic graphical models with the expressivity of first order logic rules. Starting from a known gene regulatory network involved in the switch proliferation/differentiation of keratinocytes cells, a set of experimental transcriptomic data, and description of genes in terms of GO terms encoded into first order logic, we learn a Markov Logic network, e.g. a set of weighted rules that conclude on the predicate "regulates". As a side contribution, we define a list of basic tests for performance assessment, valid for any binary classifier. A first test consists of measuring the average performance on balanced edge prediction problem; a second one deals with the ability of the classifier, once enhanced by asymmetric bagging, to update a given network; finally a third test measures the ability of the method to predict new interactions with new genes. The numerical studies show that MLNs achieve very good prediction while opening the door to some interpretability of the decisions. Additionally to the ability to suggest new regulation, such an approach allows to cross-validate experimental data with existing knowledge.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00833312
Contributor : Florence d'Alché-Buc <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 12, 2013 - 2:14:39 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 2, 2019 - 1:40:05 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00833312, version 1

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Céline Brouard, Julie Dubois, Christel Vrain, David Castel, Marie-Anne Debily, et al.. Markov Logic Network for supervised gene regulation inference: application to the ID2 regulatory network in human keratinocytes. International Workshop on Machine Learning in Systems Biology, Sep 2012, Bâle, Switzerland. ⟨hal-00833312⟩

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