Lévy processes with marked jumps II : Application to a population model with mutations at birth

Abstract : Consider a population where individuals give birth at constant rate during their lifetimes to i.i.d. copies of themselves. Individuals bear clonally inherited types, but (neutral) mutations may happen at the birth events. The smallest subtree containing the genealogy of all the extant individuals at a fixed time \tau, is called the coalescent point process. We enrich this process with the history of the mutations that appeared over time, and call it the marked coalescent point process. With the help of limit theorems for Lévy processes with marked jumps established in a previous work (arXiv:1305.6245), we prove the convergence of the marked coalescent point process with large population size and two possible regimes for the mutations - one of them being a classical rare mutation regime, towards a multivariate Poisson point process. This Poisson point process can be described as the coalescent point process of the limiting population at \tau, with mutations arising as inhomogeneous regenerative sets along the lineages. Its intensity measure is further characterized thanks to the excursion theory for spectrally positive Lévy processes. In the rare mutations asymptotic, mutations arise as the image of a Poisson process by the ladder height process of a Lévy process with infinite variation, and in the particular case of the critical branching process with exponential lifetimes, the limiting object is the Poisson point process of the depths of excursions of the Brownian motion, with Poissonian mutations on the lineages.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
45 pages, 6 figures. 2013
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00828485
Contributeur : Cécile Delaporte <>
Soumis le : vendredi 31 mai 2013 - 10:41:56
Dernière modification le : mardi 11 octobre 2016 - 14:33:17

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  • HAL Id : hal-00828485, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1305.6491

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PMA | INSMI | UPMC | USPC

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Cécile Delaporte. Lévy processes with marked jumps II : Application to a population model with mutations at birth. 45 pages, 6 figures. 2013. <hal-00828485>

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