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Anomalous sulphur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of Archaean crust

Abstract : Basaltic lavas erupted at some oceanic intraplate hotspot volcanoes are thought to sample ancient subducted crustal materials1,2. However, the residence time of these subducted materials in the mantle is uncertain and model-dependent3, and compelling evidence for their return to the surface in regions of mantle upwelling beneath hotspots is lacking. Here we report anomalous sulphur isotope signatures indicating mass-independent fractionation (MIF) in olivine-hosted sulphides from 20-million-year-old ocean island basalts from Mangaia, Cook Islands (Polynesia), which have been suggested to sample recycled oceanic crust3,4. Terrestrial MIF sulphur isotope signatures (in which the amount of fractionation does not scale in proportion with the difference in the masses of the isotopes) were generated exclusively through atmospheric photochemical reactions until about 2.45 billion years ago5-7. Therefore, the discovery of MIF sulphur in these young plume lavas suggests that sulphur--probably derived from hydrothermally altered oceanic crust--was subducted into the mantle before 2.45 billion years ago and recycled into the mantle source of Mangaia lavas. These new data provide evidence for ancient materials, with negative D33S values, in the mantle source for Mangaia lavas. Our data also complement evidence for recycling of the sulphur content of ancient sedimentary materials to the subcontinental lithospheric mantle that has been identified in diamond-hosted sulphide inclusions8,9. This Archaean age for recycled oceanic crust also provides key constraints on the length of time that subducted crustal material can survive in the mantle, and on the timescales of mantle convection from subduction to upwelling beneath hotspots.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00822151
Contributor : Sylvaine Jouhannel <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 14, 2013 - 11:03:53 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 23, 2021 - 8:24:02 AM

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Rita A. Cabral, Matthew G. Jackson, Estelle Rose-Koga, Kenneth Koga, Martin J. Whitehouse, et al.. Anomalous sulphur isotopes in plume lavas reveal deep mantle storage of Archaean crust. Nature, Nature Publishing Group, 2013, 496, pp.490-494. ⟨10.1038/nature12020⟩. ⟨hal-00822151⟩

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