K. Tan, New Insights on Classification, Identification, and Clinical Relevance of Blastocystis spp., Clinical Microbiology Reviews, vol.21, issue.4, pp.639-665, 2008.
DOI : 10.1128/CMR.00022-08

C. Stensvold, G. Suresh, K. Tan, R. Thompson, and R. Traub, Terminology for Blastocystis subtypes ??? a consensus, Trends in Parasitology, vol.23, issue.3, pp.93-96, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.pt.2007.01.004

F. Dogruman-al, Z. Simsek, K. Boorom, E. Ekici, and M. Sahin, Comparison of Methods for Detection of Blastocystis Infection in Routinely Submitted Stool Samples, and also in IBS/IBD Patients in Ankara, Turkey, PLoS ONE, vol.59, issue.11, 2010.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pone.0015484.s002

P. Poirier, I. Wawrzyniak, A. Albert, H. Alaoui, and F. Delbac, Development and Evaluation of a Real-Time PCR Assay for Detection and Quantification of Blastocystis Parasites in Human Stool Samples: Prospective Study of Patients with Hematological Malignancies, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol.49, issue.3, pp.975-983, 2011.
DOI : 10.1128/JCM.01392-10

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00825471

H. Dagci, S. Ustun, M. Taner, G. Ersoz, and F. Karacasu, Protozoon infections and intestinal permeability, Acta Tropica, vol.81, issue.1, pp.1-5, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0001-706X(01)00191-7

E. Hussein, A. Hussein, M. Eida, and M. Atwa, Pathophysiological variability of different genotypes of human Blastocystis hominis Egyptian isolates in experimentally infected rats, Parasitology Research, vol.30, issue.8, pp.853-860, 2008.
DOI : 10.1007/s00436-007-0833-z

M. Puthia, S. Sio, J. Lu, and K. Tan, Blastocystis ratti Induces Contact-Independent Apoptosis, F-Actin Rearrangement, and Barrier Function Disruption in IEC-6 Cells, Infection and Immunity, vol.74, issue.7, pp.4114-4123, 2006.
DOI : 10.1128/IAI.00328-06

M. Puthia, J. Lu, and K. Tan, Blastocystis ratti Contains Cysteine Proteases That Mediate Interleukin-8 Response from Human Intestinal Epithelial Cells in an NF-??B-Dependent Manner, Eukaryotic Cell, vol.7, issue.3, pp.435-443, 2008.
DOI : 10.1128/EC.00371-07

B. Wu, J. Yin, C. Texier, M. Roussel, and K. Tan, Blastocystis Legumain Is Localized on the Cell Surface, and Specific Inhibition of Its Activity Implicates a Pro-survival Role for the Enzyme, Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol.285, issue.3, pp.1790-1798, 2010.
DOI : 10.1074/jbc.M109.049064

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00529650

G. Longstreth, W. Thompson, W. Chey, L. Houghton, and F. Mearin, Functional Bowel Disorders, Gastroenterology, vol.130, issue.5, pp.1480-1491, 2006.
DOI : 10.1053/j.gastro.2005.11.061

R. Hussain, W. Jaferi, S. Zuberi, R. Baqai, and N. Abrar, Significantly increased IgG2 subclass antibody levels to Blastocystis hominis in patients with irritable bowel syndrome, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.56, pp.301-306, 1997.

A. Giacometti, O. Cirioni, A. Fiorentini, M. Fortuna, and G. Scalise, Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Patients with Blastocystis hominis Infection, European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases, vol.18, issue.6, pp.436-439, 1999.
DOI : 10.1007/s100960050314

D. Jimenez-gonzalez, W. Martinez-flores, J. Reyes-gordillo, M. Ramirez-miranda, and S. Arroyo-escalante, Blastocystis infection is associated with irritable bowel syndrome in a Mexican patient population. Parasitol ResEpub ahead of print 26, pp.10-1007, 2011.

J. Yakoob, W. Jafri, M. Beg, Z. Abbas, and S. Naz, Irritable bowel syndrome: is it associated with genotypes of Blastocystis hominis, Parasitology Research, vol.150, issue.5, pp.1033-1038, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s00436-010-1761-x

J. Yakoob, W. Jafri, M. Beg, Z. Abbas, and S. Naz, Blastocystis hominis and Dientamoeba fragilis in patients fulfilling irritable bowel syndrome criteria, Parasitology Research, vol.22, issue.3, pp.679-684, 2010.
DOI : 10.1007/s00436-010-1918-7

J. Yakoob, W. Jafri, N. Jafri, R. Khan, and M. Islam, Irritable bowel syndrome: in search of an etiology: role of Blastocystis hominis, Am J Trop Med Hyg, vol.70, pp.383-385, 2004.

M. Ramirez-miranda, R. Hernandez-castellanos, E. Lopez-escamilla, D. Moncada, and A. Rodriguez-magallan, Parasites in Mexican patients with irritable bowel syndrome: a case-control study, Parasites & Vectors, vol.3, issue.1, p.96, 2010.
DOI : 10.1186/1756-3305-3-96

S. Surangsrirat, L. Thamrongwittawatpong, W. Piyaniran, T. Naaglor, and C. Khoprasert, Assessment of the association between Blastocystis infection and irritable bowel syndrome, J Med Assoc Thai, vol.93, issue.6, pp.119-124, 2010.

A. Tungtrongchitr, S. Manatsathit, C. Kositchaiwat, J. Ongrotchanakun, and N. Munkong, Blastocystis hominis infection in irritable bowel syndrome patients, Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health, vol.35, pp.705-710, 2004.

T. Piche, G. Barbara, P. Aubert, S. Bruley-des-varannes, and R. Dainese, Impaired intestinal barrier integrity in the colon of patients with irritable bowel syndrome: involvement of soluble mediators, Gut, vol.58, issue.2, pp.196-201, 2009.
DOI : 10.1136/gut.2007.140806

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00332066

V. Chadwick, W. Chen, D. Shu, B. Paulus, and P. Bethwaite, Activation of the mucosal immune system in irritable bowel syndrome, Gastroenterology, vol.122, issue.7, pp.1778-1783, 2002.
DOI : 10.1053/gast.2002.33579

L. Bueno and J. Fioramonti, Protease-activated receptor 2 and gut permeability: a review, Neurogastroenterology & Motility, vol.132, issue.2, pp.580-587, 2008.
DOI : 10.1172/JCI29255

N. Steck, K. Mueller, M. Schemann, and D. Haller, Bacterial proteases in IBD and IBS. GutE-pub ahead of print, pp.10-1136, 2011.

K. Gecse, R. Roka, L. Ferrier, M. Leveque, and H. Eutamene, Increased faecal serine protease activity in diarrhoeic IBS patients: a colonic lumenal factor impairing colonic permeability and sensitivity, Gut, vol.57, issue.5, pp.591-599, 2008.
DOI : 10.1136/gut.2007.140210

F. Denoeud, M. Roussel, B. Noel, I. Wawrzyniak, D. Silva et al., Genome sequence of the stramenopile Blastocystis, a human anaerobic parasite, Genome Biology, vol.12, issue.3, 2011.
DOI : 10.1371/journal.pntd.0000301

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00617212

B. Lee and Y. Bak, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Gut Microbiota and Probiotics, Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility, vol.17, issue.3, pp.252-266, 2011.
DOI : 10.5056/jnm.2011.17.3.252

URL : http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3155061

M. Rhoads, R. Fetterer, D. Hill, J. Urban, and J. , Trichuris suis: A Secretory Chymotrypsin/Elastase Inhibitor with Potential as an Immunomodulator, Experimental Parasitology, vol.95, issue.1, pp.36-44, 2000.
DOI : 10.1006/expr.2000.4502

D. Schwarzer and M. Marahiel, Multimodular biocatalysts for natural product assembly, Naturwissenschaften, vol.88, issue.3, pp.93-101, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/s001140100211

C. Coyle, J. Varughese, L. Weiss, and H. Tanowitz, Blastocystis: To Treat or Not to Treat..., Clinical Infectious Diseases, vol.54, issue.1, pp.105-110, 2012.
DOI : 10.1093/cid/cir810