A spatialized model of textures perception using structure tensor formalism

Grégory Faye 1, 2, * Pascal Chossat 1, 3
* Auteur correspondant
1 NEUROMATHCOMP - Mathematical and Computational Neuroscience
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , JAD - Laboratoire Jean Alexandre Dieudonné : UMR6621
Abstract : The primary visual cortex (V1) can be partitioned into fundamental domains or hypercolumns consisting of one set of orientation columns arranged around a singularity or ''pinwheel'' in the orientation preference map. A recent study on the specific problem of visual textures perception suggested that textures may be represented at the population level in the cortex as a second-order tensor, the structure tensor, within a hypercolumn. In this paper, we present a mathematical analysis of such interacting hypercolumns that takes into account the functional geometry of local and lateral connections. The geometry of the hypercolumn is identified with that of the Poincaré disk $\D$. Using the symmetry properties of the connections, we investigate the spontaneous formation of cortical activity patterns. These states are characterized by tuned responses in the feature space, which are doubly-periodically distributed across the cortex.
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Networks and Heterogeneous Media, AIMS-American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2013, pp.fay-cho2013
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Grégory Faye, Pascal Chossat. A spatialized model of textures perception using structure tensor formalism. Networks and Heterogeneous Media, AIMS-American Institute of Mathematical Sciences, 2013, pp.fay-cho2013. 〈hal-00807371〉

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