Dust continuum and Polarization from Envelope to Cores in Star Formation: A Case Study in the W51 North region

Ya-Wen Tang 1 Paul T. P. Ho Patrick M. Koch S. Guilloteau 1 Anne Dutrey 1
1 AMOR 2013
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
Abstract : We present the first high-angular resolution (up to 0.7", ~5000 AU) polarization and thermal dust continuum images toward the massive star-forming region W51 North. The observations were carried out with the Submillimeter Array (SMA) in both the subcompact (SMA-SubC) and extended (SMA-Ext) configurations at a wavelength of 870 micron. W51 North is resolved into four cores (SMA1 to SMA4) in the 870 micron continuum image. The associated dust polarization exhibits more complex structures than seen at lower angular resolution. We analyze the inferred morphologies of the plane-of-sky magnetic field (B_bot) in the SMA1 to SMA4 cores and in the envelope using the SMA-Ext and SMA-SubC data. These results are compared with the B_bot archive images obtained from the CSO and JCMT. A correlation between dust intensity gradient position angles (phi_{nabla I}) and magnetic field position angles (phi_B) is found in the CSO, JCMT and both SMA data sets. This correlation is further analyzed quantitatively. A systematically tighter correlation between phi_{nabla I} and phi_B is found in the cores, whereas the correlation decreases in outside-core regions. Magnetic field-to-gravity force ratio (Sigma_B) maps are derived using the newly developed polarization - intensity gradient method by Koch, Tang & Ho 2012. We find that the force ratios tend to be small (Sigma_B <= 0.5) in the cores in all 4 data sets. In regions outside of the cores, the ratios increase or the field is even dominating gravity (Sigma_B > 1). This possibly provides a physical explanation of the tightening correlation between phi_{nabla I} and phi_B in the cores: the more the B field lines are dragged and aligned by gravity, the tighter the correlation is. Finally, we propose a schematic scenario for the magnetic field in W51 North to interpret the four polarization observations at different physical scales.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00804425
Contributeur : Marie-Paule Pomies <>
Soumis le : lundi 25 mars 2013 - 14:59:38
Dernière modification le : mercredi 27 juillet 2016 - 14:48:48

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Ya-Wen Tang, Paul T. P. Ho, Patrick M. Koch, S. Guilloteau, Anne Dutrey. Dust continuum and Polarization from Envelope to Cores in Star Formation: A Case Study in the W51 North region. Astrophysical Journal, American Astronomical Society, 2013, 763 (2), pp.id. 135. <10.1088/0004-637X/763/2/135>. <hal-00804425>

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