A simple analytical model to study and control azimuthal instabilities in annular combustion chambers

Abstract : This study describes a simple analytical method to compute the azimuthal modes appearing in annular combustion chambers and help analyzing experimental, acoustic and large eddy simulation (LES) data obtained in these combustion chambers. It is based on a one-dimensional zero Mach number formulation where N burners are connected to a single annular chamber. A manipulation of the corresponding acoustic equations in this configuration leads to a simple dispersion relation which can be solved by hand when the interaction indices of the flame transfer function are small and numerically when they are not. This simple tool is applied to multiple cases: (1) a single burner connected to an annular chamber (N = 1), (2) two burners connected to the chamber (N = 2), and (3) four burners (N = 4). In this case, the tool also allows to study passive control methods where two different types of burners are mixed to control the azimuthal mode. Finally, a complete helicopter chamber (N = 15) is studied. For all cases, the analytical results are compared to the predictions of a full three-dimensional Helmholtz solver and a very good agreement is found. These results show that building very simple analytical tools to study azimuthal modes in annular chambers is an interesting path to control them.
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Jean-François Parmentier, Pablo Salas, Pierre Wolf, Gabriel Staffelbach, Franck Nicoud, et al.. A simple analytical model to study and control azimuthal instabilities in annular combustion chambers. Combustion and Flame, Elsevier, 2012, 159 (7), pp.2374-2387. ⟨10.1016/j.combustflame.2012.02.007⟩. ⟨hal-00802059⟩

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