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LES evaluation of the effects of equivalence ratio fluctuations on the dynamic flame response in a real gas turbine combustion chamber

Abstract : Large Eddy Simulations (LES) of a lean swirl-stabilized gas turbine burner are used to analyze mechanisms triggering combustion instabilities. To separately study the effect of velocity and equivalence ratio fluctuations, two LES of the same geometry are performed: one where the burner operates in a "technically" premixed mode (methane is injected by holes in the vanes located in the diagonal passage upstream of the chamber) and the second one where the flow is fully premixed in the diagonal passage. The inlet is acoustically modulated and the mechanisms affecting the dynamic flame response are identified. LES reveals that both cases provide similar averaged (non-)pulsated flame shapes. However, even though the mean flames are only slightly modified, the delays change when mixing is not perfect. LES fields and a simple model for the methane jets trajectories show that mixing in the diagonal passage is not sufficient to damp heterogeneities induced by unsteady fuel flow rate and varying fuel jet trajectories. These mixing fluctuations are phased with velocity oscillations and modify the flame response to forcing. Local fields of delays and interaction indices are obtained, showing that the flame is not compact and is affected by fluctuations of mixing.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 18, 2013 - 11:41:16 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 18, 2020 - 11:10:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 20, 2013 - 4:02:14 PM

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Sebastian Hermeth, Gabriel Staffelbach, Laurent Gicquel, Thierry Poinsot. LES evaluation of the effects of equivalence ratio fluctuations on the dynamic flame response in a real gas turbine combustion chamber. Proceedings of the Combustion Institute, Elsevier, 2013, vol. 34, pp.3165-3173. ⟨10.1016/j.proci.2012.07.013⟩. ⟨hal-00801727⟩

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