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Education à la santé dans les écoles élémentaires : Représentations et pratiques enseignantes

Abstract : Health education in elementary school results in classroom productions that can be written or not, which say a lot about the true teaching practices of the teachers. This research work aims at looking more closely at the correlation existing between what the teachers say and obvious traces that can be found in the classrooms (professional and children writings, posters, etc.). Collecting the different traces of health education activities (writings or devices) allows to draw a typology which leads to an analysis of the practices the traces come from and takes into account the problematic of health at school. The idea is in fact to highlight the strong points and the obstacles in the development of HE projects in class. The results show that teachers' practices in health education can be approached using diverse productions existing in the classrooms. What is significant in classroom practices is in correlation with the teachers' representations and traces of it can be found in the classrooms. The Analysis of common professional writings - like projects, teachers' plan books, lesson plans, document folders, etc. - compared with the initial intention claimed by the teachers, allows to validate the assumption that the gap recorded says a lot about educational device interactions, didactical approaches, types of supervision developed, obstacles and difficulties encountered when health education activities are put into practice in the classroom. The analysis underlines an important heterogeneity in teaching practices in terms of both the content of what is taught and the educational and didactical approaches. It also shows how difficult it is to define 'health education' as educational object. Health education is split into two goals: teaching knowledge and changing behaviours on one side and bringing scientific facts from a hygienist and behaviourist perspective on the other. It seems necessary to help and support the teachers in their dynamic to "promote health" at school."
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Contributor : Judith Margolinas <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 15, 2013 - 5:12:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 23, 2021 - 4:24:03 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-00801390, version 1


Dominique Berger, Frank Pizon, Léla Benchariff, Didier Jourdan. Education à la santé dans les écoles élémentaires : Représentations et pratiques enseignantes. Didaskalia (Paris), Institut national de recherche pédagogique, 2009, pp.35-66. ⟨hal-00801390⟩



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