The peripatric coalescent

Abstract : We consider a dynamic metapopulation involving one large population of size N surrounded by colonies of size \varepsilon_NN, usually called peripheral isolates in ecology, where N\to\infty and \varepsilon_N\to 0 in such a way that \varepsilon_NN\to\infty. The main population periodically sends propagules to found new colonies (emigration), and each colony eventually merges with the main population (fusion). Our aim is to study the genealogical history of a finite number of lineages sampled at stationarity in such a metapopulation. We make assumptions on model parameters ensuring that the total outer population has size of the order of N and that each colony has a lifetime of the same order. We prove that under these assumptions, the scaling limit of the genealogical process of a finite sample is a censored coalescent where each lineage can be in one of two states: an inner lineage (belonging to the main population) or an outer lineage (belonging to some peripheral isolate). Lineages change state at constant rate and (only) inner lineages coalesce at constant rate per pair. This two-state censored coalescent is also shown to converge weakly, as the landscape dynamics accelerate, to a time-changed Kingman coalescent.
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Contributor : Amaury Lambert <>
Submitted on : Friday, March 15, 2013 - 11:29:39 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 23, 2019 - 4:04:01 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00801197, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1303.3277


Amaury Lambert, Chunhua Ma. The peripatric coalescent. 2013. ⟨hal-00801197⟩



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