Impact of the IMF Rotation from Northward to Dawnward on Cusp Boundary Formation and Particle Entries: Large-scale Global 3D Full Particle Simulations

Abstract : Large-scale global three-dimensional PIC simulations are performed with higher resolution (one grid size equal to 0.2 Earth radii) in order to analyze the dynamics of the cusp boundary formation and particle entry as the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) rotates from northward to dawnward. As the IMF is northward, the cusp boundaries where the ion and electron densities are strongly enhanced, but electrons mainly accumulated along the outer edges of the cusp with a local enhancement along the night-side edge, while ions fill in the inner part of the cusp. A pile-up of magnetic field is observed along the outer edge of the cusp. Reconnection takes place at high elevation of the cusp and spreads along the in the night-side magnetopause. The electron current is the strongest at the reconnection location. As the IMF turns dawnward, new changes take place. The pile-up of magnetic field is reinforced along the outer edge of the cusp, while the reconnection region shrinks and slightly moves to the night side. The cusp itself fills-in with electrons everywhere while ions are mainly concentrated within the inner part of the cusp. However, particles penetrate (slightly) less deeply the cusp than with North IMF.
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 24, 2013 - 6:36:49 PM
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Ken-Ichi Nishikawa, Dongsheng Cai, Bertrand Lembège. Impact of the IMF Rotation from Northward to Dawnward on Cusp Boundary Formation and Particle Entries: Large-scale Global 3D Full Particle Simulations. 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Jul 2010, Bremen, Germany. ⟨hal-00794018⟩

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