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Conference papers

Physical properties of interplanetary dust: laboratory and numerical simulations

Abstract : Laboratory light scattering measurements with the PROGRA2 experiment, in A300-CNES and ESA dedicated microgravity flights or in ground based configurations, offer an alternative to models for exploring the scattering properties of particles with structures too complex to be easily handled by computer simulations [1,2]. The technique allows the use of large size distributions (nanometers to hundreds of micrometers) and a large variety of materials, similar to those suspected to compose the interplanetary particles [3]. Asteroids are probably the source of compact particles, while comets have been shown to eject compact and fluffy materials [4]. Moreover giant planets provide further a small number of interplanetary particles. Some interstellar particles are also present. To choose the best samples and size distributions, we consider previous numerical models for the interplanetary particles and their evolution with solar distance. In this model, fluffy particles are simulated by fractal aggregates and compact particles by ellipsoids. The materials considered are silicates and carbonaceous compound. The silicate grains can be coated by the organics. Observations are fitted with two parameters: the size distribution of the particles and the ratio of silicates over carbonaceous compounds. From the light scattering properties of the particles, their equilibrium temperature can be calculated for different structures and composition. The variation of their optical properties and temperatures are studied with the heliocentric distance [5,6]. Results on analogs of cometary particles [7] and powdered meteorites as asteroidal particles will be presented and compared to numerical simulations as well as observations. Organics on cometary grains can constitute distributed sources if degraded by solar UV and heat [8, 9]. The optical properties of CxHyNz compounds are studied after thermal evolution [10]. As a first approach, they are used to simulate the evolution of cometary or interplanetary dust organics approaching the Sun. Albedo and polarization variations will be discussed. The polarization evolution will be compared to those obtained through observations [11]. Studies of the properties of our interplanetary dust cloud should provide information to better interpret observations of dust around exoplanets. Some of these planets are very close to their star. The thermal evolution of organics driven by chemical reactions will represent a fundamental knowledge to interpret the relevant polarimetric observations. We acknowledge CNES for funding the PROGRA2 experiment, CNES and ESA for the micro-gravity flights. [1] Renard J.-B. et al., Appl. Opt. 41, 609 (2002) [2] Hadamcik E. et al., In: Light scattering rev. 4, 31 (Kokhanovszky ed.), Springer -Praxis, Berlin (2009) [3] Mann I. et al., Space Sci. Rev. 110, 269 (2004) [4] Hoertz F. et al., Science 314, 716 (2006) [5] Lasue J. et al., Astron. Astrophys. 473, 641 (2007) [6] Levasseur-Regourd A.C et al., Planet Space Sci. 55, 1010 (2007) [7] Hadamcik E. et al., Icarus 190, 660 (2007) [8] Cottin H. et al., Adv. Space Res. 42, 2019 (2008) [9] Fray N. et al., Planet. Space Sci. 53, 1243 (2005) [10] Sciamma-O'Brien E. et al., Icarus, accepted [11] Levasseur-Regourd A.C., et al., In: Interplanetary dust, Gruen, Gustafson B., Dermott S., Fechtig H. (Eds), Springer, Berlin, 57 (2001)
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Edith Hadamcik, Jérémie Lasue, Anny Chantal Levasseur-Regourd, Jean-Baptiste Renard, Arnaud Buch, et al.. Physical properties of interplanetary dust: laboratory and numerical simulations. 38th COSPAR Scientific Assembly, Jul 2010, Bremen, Germany. ⟨hal-00793214⟩



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