N-Acetylaspartate/Creatine and Choline/Creatine Ratios in the Thalami, Insular Cortex and White Matter as Markers of Hypertension and Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly

Abstract : Abstract: Our objective was to investigate the influence of hypertension on N-acetylaspartate (NAA) and choline (Cho) ratios in brain tissues in a community-dwelling elderly population. Brain flexibility was also evaluated with regard to the same metabolite ratios. Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) and the Trail Making Test (TMT) were performed in 80 subjects (75.7 +/- 4 years old) from the Three-City Study. Fifty-eight participants had hypertension. The NAA/creatine (Cr) and Cho/Cr ratios were obtained in the insular cortex, the thalami and the deep periventricular white matter. In addition, the B-A score of the TMT was evaluated. Uniand multi-variate analyses were performed in order to examine the relationships among these data. In the insula and the thalami of the hypertensive group, NAA/Cr ratios were significantly lower (1.39 +/- 0.23 and 1.52 +/- 0.23, respectively; p=0.01) than those in the normotensive control goup (1.52 +/- 0.25 and 1.70 +/- 0.19, respectively; p < 0.0001), whereas no such reduction was observed in the periventricular white matter of older hypertensive brains. Moreover, the NAA or Cho ratios were significantly correlated with the TMT B-A scores at the level of the thalami, insula and periventricular white matter. These statistical results were confirmed by the multivariate analysis. In an elderly population, hypertension leads to a reduction in NAA/Cr ratios in the insula and the thalami, possibly due to a decrease in blood flow through small perforating and cortical arteries. The TMT B-A test appears to be relevant not only for the frontal areas but also for more remote areas such as the thalami, the insula and the deep periventricular white matter.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 12, 2013 - 6:16:01 PM
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Douraied Ben Salem, Paul Walker, Yannick Béjot, Serge-Ludwig Aho, B. Vernier, et al.. N-Acetylaspartate/Creatine and Choline/Creatine Ratios in the Thalami, Insular Cortex and White Matter as Markers of Hypertension and Cognitive Impairment in the Elderly. Hypertension Research, Nature Publishing Group, 2008, 31 (10), pp.1851-1857. ⟨10.1291/hypres.31.1851⟩. ⟨hal-00787756⟩

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