A large deviation principle for networks of rate neurons with correlated synaptic weights

Olivier Faugeras 1, * James Maclaurin 1
* Corresponding author
1 NEUROMATHCOMP - Mathematical and Computational Neuroscience
CRISAM - Inria Sophia Antipolis - Méditerranée , JAD - Laboratoire Jean Alexandre Dieudonné : UMR6621
Abstract : We study the asymptotic law of a network of interacting neurons when the number of neurons becomes infinite. Given a completely connected network of firing rate neurons in which the synaptic weights are Gaussian correlated random variables, we describe the asymptotic law of the network when the number of neurons goes to infinity. We introduce the process-level empirical measure of the trajectories of the solutions to the equations of the finite network of neurons and the averaged law (with respect to the synaptic weights) of the trajectories of the solutions to the equations of the network of neurons. The main result of this article is that the image law through the empirical measure satisfies a large deviation principle with a good rate function which is shown to have a unique global minimum. Our analysis of the rate function allows us also to characterize the limit measure as the image of a stationary Gaussian measure defined on a transformed set of trajectories. This is potentially very useful for applications in neuroscience since the Gaussian measure can be completely characterized by its mean and spectral density. It also facilitates the assessment of the probability of finite-size effects.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00785627
Contributor : Olivier Faugeras <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 6, 2013 - 3:29:06 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 30, 2019 - 2:28:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00785627, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1302.1029

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Olivier Faugeras, James Maclaurin. A large deviation principle for networks of rate neurons with correlated synaptic weights. 2013. ⟨hal-00785627⟩

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