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Adaptive Markov random fields for joint unmixing and segmentation of hyperspectral image

Abstract : Linear spectral unmixing is a challenging problem in hyperspectral imaging that consists of decomposing an observed pixel into a linear combination of pure spectra (or endmembers) with their corresponding proportions (or abundances). Endmember extraction algorithms can be employed for recovering the spectral signatures while abundances are estimated using an inversion step. Recent works have shown that exploiting spatial dependencies between image pixels can improve spectral unmixing. Markov random fields (MRF) are classically used to model these spatial correlations and partition the image into multiple classes with homogeneous abundances. This paper proposes to define the MRF sites using similarity regions. These regions are built using a self-complementary area filter that stems from the morphological theory. This kind of filter divides the original image into flat zones where the underlying pixels have the same spectral values. Once the MRF has been clearly established, a hierarchical Bayesian algorithm is proposed to estimate the abundances, the class labels, the noise variance, and the corresponding hyperparameters. A hybrid Gibbs sampler is constructed to generate samples according to the corresponding posterior distribution of the unknown parameters and hyperparameters. Simulations conducted on synthetic and real AVIRIS data demonstrate the good performance of the algorithm.
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 24, 2013 - 12:59:26 PM
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Olivier Eches, Jon Atli Benediktsson, Nicolas Dobigeon, Jean-Yves Tourneret. Adaptive Markov random fields for joint unmixing and segmentation of hyperspectral image. IEEE Transactions on Image Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2013, Vol. 22, pp. 5-16. ⟨10.1109/TIP.2012.220427⟩. ⟨hal-00780569⟩

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