The reconstructed tree in the lineage-based model of protracted speciation

Amaury Lambert 1, * Hélène Morlon 2 Rampal S. Etienne 3
* Auteur correspondant
1 SMILE - Stochastic models for the inference of life evolution
LPMA - Laboratoire de Probabilités et Modèles Aléatoires, CIRB - Centre interdisciplinaire de recherche en biologie
Abstract : A popular line of research in evolutionary biology is the use of time-calibrated phylogenies for the inference of diversification processes. This requires computing the likelihood of a given ultrametric tree as the reconstructed tree produced by a given model of diversification. Etienne & Rosindell (2012) proposed a lineage-based model of diversification, called protracted speciation, where species remain incipient during a random duration before turning good species, and showed that this can explain the slowdown in lineage accumulation observed in real phylogenies. However, they were unable to provide a general likelihood formula. Here, we present a likelihood formula for protracted speciation models, where rates at which species turn good or become extinct can depend both on their age and on time. Our only restrictive assumption is that speciation rate does not depend on species status. Our likelihood formula utilizes a new technique, based on the contour of the phylogenetic tree and first developed in Lambert (2010). We consider the reconstructed trees spanned by all extant species, by all good extant species, or by all representative species, which are either good extant species or incipient species representative of some good extinct species. Specifically, we prove that each of these trees is a coalescent point process, that is, a planar, ultrametric tree where the coalescence times between two consecutive tips are independent, identically distributed random variables. We characterize the common distribution of these coalescence times in some, biologically meaningful, special cases for which the likelihood reduces to an elegant analytical formula or becomes numerically tractable.
Type de document :
Pré-publication, Document de travail
27 pages, 5 figures. 2013
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Contributeur : Amaury Lambert <>
Soumis le : jeudi 24 janvier 2013 - 09:24:06
Dernière modification le : jeudi 10 mai 2018 - 02:04:35

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  • HAL Id : hal-00780467, version 1
  • ARXIV : 1301.5512



Amaury Lambert, Hélène Morlon, Rampal S. Etienne. The reconstructed tree in the lineage-based model of protracted speciation. 27 pages, 5 figures. 2013. 〈hal-00780467〉



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