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Analyse de la répartition spatiale de bas fourneaux d'un territoire sidérurgique au sud-ouest du Niger (4e-14e siècle ap. J.-C.)

Abstract : On the west bank of the Niger River, archaeological prospecting has mapped more than 4000 low shaft furnaces on an area of 32km². These single-use furnaces have been identified by either a shaft or a block of slag in the erosion surface. This smelting activity is dated between 4th and 14th century AD. Spatial data were processed by a Geographic Information System (GIS) and mathematical tools (Ripley’s K function, Kernel density estimation). The results of this analysis show that smiths built low shaft furnaces near ores and in sandy soils. However, the choice of location for the furnaces seems also to depend on sociocultural factors, thus leading to the formation of clusters in specific places.
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  • HAL Id : hal-00779222, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 316310

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Rodrigue Guillon, Christophe Petit, Jean Rajot, Vincent Bichet, Oumarou Idé, et al.. Analyse de la répartition spatiale de bas fourneaux d'un territoire sidérurgique au sud-ouest du Niger (4e-14e siècle ap. J.-C.). Métallurgie du fer et Sociétés africaines : Bilans et nouveaux paradigmes dans la recherche anthropologique et archéologique, pp.153-163, 2012, Cambridge Monographs in African Archaeology. ⟨hal-00779222⟩

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