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Environmental impact of sunscreen nanomaterials: Ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of altered TiO2 nanocomposites on Vicia faba

Abstract : Mineral sunscreen nanocomposites, based on a nano-TiO2 core, coated with aluminium hydroxide and dimethicone films, were submitted to an artificial ageing process. The resulting Altered TiO2 Nanocomposites (ATN) were then tested in the liquid phase on the plant model Vicia faba, which was exposed 48 h to three nominal concentrations: 5, 25 and 50 mg ATN/L Plant growth, photosystem II maximum quantum yield, genotoxicity (micronucleus test) and phytochelatins levels showed no change compared to controls. Oxidative stress biomarkers remained unchanged in shoots while in roots, glutathione reductase activity decreased at 50 mg ATN/L and ascorbate peroxidase activity decreased for 5 and 25 mg ATN/L. Nevertheless, despite the weak response of biological endpoints, ICP-MS measurements revealed high Ti and Al concentrations in roots, and X-ray fluorescence micro-spectroscopy revealed titanium internalization in superficial root tissues. Eventual long-term effects on plants may occur.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00766589
Contributor : Thierry Pin <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2012 - 3:05:02 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 12, 2021 - 2:38:19 PM

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Anne-Sophie Foltete, Jean-Francois Masfaraud, Emilie Bigorgne, J. Nahmani, Perrine Chaurand, et al.. Environmental impact of sunscreen nanomaterials: Ecotoxicity and genotoxicity of altered TiO2 nanocomposites on Vicia faba. Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2011, 159 (10), pp.2515-2522. ⟨10.1016/j.envpol.2011.06.020⟩. ⟨hal-00766589⟩

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