Bifurcation analysis in a silicon neuron

Abstract : In this paper, we describe an analysis of the nonlinear dynamical phenomenon associated with a silicon neuron. Our silicon neuron integrates Hodgkin-Huxley (HH) model formalism, including the membrane voltage dependency of temporal dynamics. Analysis of the bifurcation conditions allow us to identify different regimes in the parameter space that are desirable for biasing our silicon neuron. This approach of studying bifurcations is useful because it is believed that computational properties of neurons are based on the bifurcations exhibited by these dynamical systems in response to some changing stimulus. We describe numerical simulations and measurements of the Hopf bifurcation which is characteristic of class 2 excitability in the HH model. We also show a phenomenon observed in biological neurons and termed excitation block. Hence, by showing that this silicon neuron has similar bifurcations to a certain class of biological neurons, we can claim that the silicon neuron can also perform similar computations
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Filippo Grassia, Timothée Levi, Sylvain Saïghi, Takashi Kohno. Bifurcation analysis in a silicon neuron. Journal of Artificial Life and Robotics, 2012, 17 (1), pp.53-58. ⟨hal-00766340⟩

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