Local inversion of magnetic anomalies: Implication for Mars' crustal evolution

Abstract : Martian magnetic anomalies have been revealed by the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) mission in the south hemisphere of Mars. The present study models anomalies located in the ancient Terra Sirenum area between latitudes 26°S and 40°S and longitudes 185°E and 210°E using forward and inverse approaches. While the high-altitude measurements reveal the presence of two main magnetic anomalies, three are detected by low-altitude data. They are modeled as uncorrelated dipolar sources. Forward models predict large magnetizations between 30 and 60 A/m. A generalized non-linear inversion is used to determine the characteristics of the dipoles, based on different subsets of data. Low-altitude measurements inversion leads to more reliable results than those obtained by the inversion of high-altitude measurements only. Inversion of both low- and high-altitude data together provides with three dipoles that explain more than 57% of the signal, within this 10⁶ km² area. All dipoles have large magnetizations. Serpentinization of the early martian crust can explain such remanent magnetizations. Two resulting dipoles are 56 km deep, which suggests a locally thick martian crust. The last one is shallower (31 km). This indicates different origins and/or magnetization processes. Paleomagnetic poles are calculated and located around the Tharsis bulge. It suggests that Tharsis formed at high latitudes and moved toward its present location by polar reorientation.
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Yoann Quesnel, Benoit Langlais, Christophe Sotin. Local inversion of magnetic anomalies: Implication for Mars' crustal evolution. Planetary and Space Science, Elsevier, 2007, 55 (3), pp.258-269. ⟨10.1016/j.pss.2006.02.004⟩. ⟨hal-00766111⟩

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