R. C. Aller, The Effects of Macrobenthos on Chemical Properties of Marine Sediment and Overlying Water, Animal-Sediment Relations, pp.53-102, 1982.
DOI : 10.1007/978-1-4757-1317-6_2

R. M. Atlas, Microbial degradation of petroleum hydrocarbons: an environmental perspective, Microbiol. Rev, vol.45, pp.180-209, 1981.

J. E. Bauer, R. P. Kerr, M. F. Bautista, C. J. Decker, and D. L. Capone, Stimulation of microbial activities and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation in marine sediments inhabited by Capitella capitata, Marine Environmental Research, vol.25, issue.1, pp.63-84, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/0141-1136(88)90361-3

M. J. Bock and L. M. Mayer, Digestive plasticity of the marine benthic omnivore Nereis virens, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol.240, issue.1, pp.77-92, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0022-0981(99)00050-7

M. Blumer, M. Ehrhardt, J. H. Jones, G. Desrosiers, A. Caron et al., The environmental fate of stranded crude oil. Deep Sea Res, Cycle de developpement du pluchete (Sars) dans la zone intertidale de l'Estuaire maritime du Saint-Laurent, pp.239-259, 1973.

L. Eastcott, W. S. Shiu, and D. Mackay, Environmentally relevant physical-chemical properties of hydrocarbons: A review of data and development of simple correlations, Oil and Chemical Pollution, vol.4, issue.3, pp.191-216, 1988.
DOI : 10.1016/S0269-8579(88)80020-0

W. Ernst, H. Goerke, and K. Weber, Fate of 14C-labelled di-, tri- and pentachlorobiphenyl in the marine annelid Nereis virens II. Degradation and faecal elimination, Chemosphere, vol.6, issue.9, pp.559-568, 1977.
DOI : 10.1016/0045-6535(77)90110-2

P. L. Fergusson and G. Chandler, A laboratory and field comparison of sediment polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioaccumulation by the cosmopolitan estuarine polychaete Streblospio benedicti (Webster), Marine Environmental Research, vol.45, issue.4-5, pp.387-401, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0141-1136(98)00101-9

V. E. Forbes, L. F. Forbes, and M. Holmer, Inducible metabolism of fluoranthene by the opportunistic polychaete Capitella sp. I, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.132, pp.63-70, 1996.
DOI : 10.3354/meps132063

W. S. Gardner, R. F. Lee, K. Tenore, and L. W. Smith, Degradation of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in coastal sediments: Importance of microbes and polychaete worms, Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, vol.14, issue.3, pp.339-347, 1979.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00296591

F. Gilbert, L. Rivet, and J. Bertrand, The in vitro influence of the burrowing polychaete Nereis diversicolor on the fate of petroleum hydrocarbons in marine sediments, Chemosphere, vol.29, issue.1, pp.1-12, 1994.
DOI : 10.1016/0045-6535(94)90084-1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00784341

F. Gilbert, G. Stora, and J. Bertrand, In situ bioturbation and hydrocarbon fate in an experimental contaminated Mediterranean coastal ecosystem, Chemosphere, vol.33, issue.8, pp.1449-1458, 1996.
DOI : 10.1016/0045-6535(96)00283-4

F. Gilbert, G. Stora, G. Desrosiers, J. Gagne, B. Deflandre et al., Changes in aliphatic hydrocarbon tracer composition during the digestive process of the marine worm Nereis virens. Preliminary results, Chemosphere, vol.36, issue.3, pp.553-560, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00358-5

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00777965

H. Goerke, Nereidae) Nahrungsaufnahme. Scientific Film E. 1893. Explanation paper, Inst. wiss. ¨ Film, vol.4, issue.11, 1976.

H. Goerke, G. Persoone, E. Jaspers, and C. Claus, Testing the fate of xenobiotics in Polychaeta Ecotoxicological Testing For the Marine Environment, pp.53-66, 1984.

J. D. Gordon, J. Dale, and P. D. Keizer, on the Weathering Rate of Sediment-Bound Oil, Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, vol.35, issue.5, pp.591-603, 1978.
DOI : 10.1139/f78-105

S. W. Karickhoff and K. R. Morris, Impact of tubificid oligochaetes on pollutant transport in bottom sediments, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.19, issue.1, pp.51-56, 1985.
DOI : 10.1021/es00131a004

C. Koerting-walker and J. D. Buck, The effect of bacteria and bioturbation by Clymenella torquata on oil removal from sediment, Water Air Soil Pollut, vol.43, pp.413-424, 1989.

E. Kristensen, M. H. Jensen, and T. K. Andersen, The impact of polychaete (Nereis virens Sars) burrows on nitrification and nitrate reduction in estuarine sediments, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol.85, issue.1, pp.75-91, 1985.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-0981(85)90015-2

L. K. Kure and T. L. Forbes, Impact of bioturbation by Arenicola marina on the fate of particle-bound fluoranthene, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.156, pp.157-166, 1997.
DOI : 10.3354/meps156157

J. G. Leahy and R. R. Colwell, Microbial degradation of hydrocarbons in the environment, Microbiol. Rev, vol.54, pp.305-315, 1990.

Y. Ledreau, F. Gilbert, P. Doumenq, L. Asia, J. Bertrand et al., The use of hopanes to track in situ variations in petroleum composition in surface sediments, Chemosphere, vol.34, issue.8, pp.1663-1672, 1997.
DOI : 10.1016/S0045-6535(97)00023-4

H. Lee and R. C. Swartz, Biological processes affecting the distribution of pollutants in marine sediments. Part II. Biodeposition and bioturbation, Contaminants and Sediments, pp.555-606, 1980.

R. F. Lee and S. C. Singer, Detoxifying enzymes in marine polychaetes: increases in activity after exposuréexposuré to aromatic hydrocarbons. Rapp. P-V Reun, Const. Int. Explor. Mer, vol.179, pp.29-32, 1980.

S. D. Madsen, T. L. Forbes, and V. E. Forbes, Particle mixing by the polychaete Capitella species 1:coupling fate and effect of a particle-bound organic contaminant (fluoranthene) in a marine sediment, Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol.147, pp.129-142, 1997.
DOI : 10.3354/meps147129

L. M. Mayer, Z. Chen, R. H. Findlay, J. Fang, S. Sampson et al., Bioavailability of Sedimentary Contaminants Subject to Deposit-Feeder Digestion, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.30, issue.8, pp.2641-2645, 1996.
DOI : 10.1021/es960110z

L. M. Mayer, L. L. Schick, R. F. Self, P. A. Jumars, R. H. Findlay et al., Digestive environments of benthic macroinvertebrate guts: Enzymes, surfactants and dissolved organic matter, Journal of Marine Research, vol.55, issue.4, pp.785-812, 1997.
DOI : 10.1357/0022240973224247

A. E. Mcelroy and J. D. Sisson, Trophic transfer of benzo[a]pyrene metabolites between benthic marine organisms, Marine Environmental Research, vol.28, issue.1-4, pp.265-269, 1989.
DOI : 10.1016/0141-1136(89)90241-9

A. E. Mcelroy, J. W. Farrington, and J. M. Teal, Influence of mode of exposure and the presence of a tubiculous polychaete on the fate of benz[a]anthracene in the benthos, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.24, issue.11, pp.1648-1655, 1990.
DOI : 10.1021/es00081a004

J. R. Mihelcic and R. G. Luthy, Sorption and microbial degradation of naphthalene in soil-water suspensions under denitrification conditions, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.25, issue.1, pp.169-177, 1991.
DOI : 10.1021/es00013a020

G. Miron, G. Desrosiers, C. Retiere, and R. Lambert, (Sars) en relation avec la densit??, Canadian Journal of Zoology, vol.69, issue.1, pp.39-42, 1991.
DOI : 10.1139/z91-006

G. Miron, G. Desrosiers, C. Retiere, and R. Lambert, Dispersion and prospecting behaviour of the polychaete Nereis virens (Sars) as a function of density, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol.145, issue.1, pp.65-77, 1991.
DOI : 10.1016/0022-0981(91)90006-I

A. Myers, Sediment processing in a marine subtidal sandy bottom: I. Physical aspects, J. Mar. Res, vol.35, pp.609-632, 1977.

M. Olivier, G. Desrosiers, A. Caron, and C. Retiere, Juvenile growth of the polychaete Nereis virens feeding on a range of marine vascular and macroalgal plant sources, Marine Biology, vol.44, issue.4, pp.693-699, 1996.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00349251

K. E. Peter and J. M. Moldowan, The Biomarker Guide: Interpreting Molecular Fossils in Petroleum and Ancient Sediments, 1993.

C. Plante and P. Jumars, The microbial environment of marine deposit-feeder guts characterized via microelectrodes, Microbial Ecology, vol.3, issue.3, pp.257-277, 1992.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00164100

T. F. Reynoldson, Interactions between sediment contaminants and benthic organisms, Hydrobiologia, vol.2, issue.2, pp.53-66, 1987.
DOI : 10.1007/BF00048646

B. R. Sheedy, V. R. Mattson, J. S. Cox, P. A. Kosian, G. L. Phipps et al., Bioconcentration of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by the freshwater oligochaete Lumbriculus variegatus, Chemosphere, vol.36, issue.15, pp.3061-3070, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S0045-6535(98)00007-1

M. S. Steinhauer and P. D. Boehm, The composition and distribution of saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons in nearshore sediments, river sediments, and coastal peat of the Alaskan Beaufort Sea: Implications for detecting anthropogenic hydrocarbon inputs, Marine Environmental Research, vol.33, issue.4, pp.223-253, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0141-1136(92)90140-H

D. P. Weston and L. M. Mayer, In vitro digestive fluid extraction as a measure of the bioavailability of sediment-associated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Sources of variation and implications for partitioning models, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.129, issue.5, pp.820-829, 1998.
DOI : 10.1002/etc.5620170509

D. P. Weston and L. M. Mayer, Comparison of in vitro digestive fluid extraction and traditional in vivo approaches as measures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon bioavailability from sediments, Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, vol.15, issue.177, pp.830-840, 1998.
DOI : 10.1002/etc.5620170510