Discrete ply model of circular pull-through test of fasteners in laminates

Abstract : In aeronautical structures, assemblies with thin laminates are becoming increasingly usual, especially for fuselage design. In these structures, out-of-plane loads can appear in bolted joints and can lead to progressive punching of the fastener’s head in the laminate resulting, in some cases, in a failure mode called pull-through [1]. This complex phenomenon, which occurs in assemblies, was studied firstly by using a simplified ‘‘circular’’ pull-through test method. Qualitative micrographic examinations showed damage very similar to that observed in impacted specimens. The research presented here extends the Discrete Ply Model Method (DPM) developed by Bouvet et al. [2] to this case. The finite elements model is based on a particular mesh taking ply orientations into account. Cohesive elements are placed at the interfaces between solid elements to represent matrix cracks and delamination, thus allowing the natural coupling between these two damage modes to be represented. The model shows good correlation with test results, in terms of load/displacement curve, and correct prediction of the damage map until failure, including the splitting phenomenon.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 4, 2012 - 11:11:15 AM
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Louis Adam, Christophe Bouvet, Bruno Castanié, Alain Daidié, Elodie Bonhomme. Discrete ply model of circular pull-through test of fasteners in laminates. Composite Structures, Elsevier, 2012, vol. 94, pp. 3082-3091. ⟨10.1016/j.compstruct.2012.05.008⟩. ⟨hal-00759881⟩

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