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Molecular evidence for recent land use change from a swampy environment to a pond (Lorraine, France)

Abstract : Evidence of a changing environment in the catchment area of a small pond (Lansquenet, Lorraine, France) during the last millennium was provided by coupling palynology data and organic ratios [terrestrial to aquatic ratio: TAR(HC); the C29 vs. C27 sterols, C29/C27(ST); average chain length, ACL and aquatic/macrophytes ratio, Paq]. The depositional and alteration conditions of organic matter (OM) were provided by the 5α(H)-stanols/Δ5-sterols ratio. This study shows that quite simple organic ratios clearly allow identification of the different evolution steps of a watershed, from a swamp to the progressive settlement of a pond. During the swampy period, the C/N(at) (ca. 11.1), TAR(HC) (ca. 36.8), C29/C27(ST) (ca. 8.7) and Paq (<0.3) show a high contribution of allochthonous OM associated with the presence of particular aquatic and mesohygrophilous species. A woody level dated to the XIIIth century reflects the period of the settlement of the pond in a more oxic environment [5α(H)-stanol/Δ5sterol ratio <0.2]. Then, the progressive increase in aquatic input and the development of submerged and floating macrophytes are evidenced by low C/N(at) (<7.6), TAR(HC) (ca. 2.7), C29/C27(ST) (ca. 2) and high Paq (ca. 0.5), suggesting an increase in the water level and eutrophication of the pond. A second oxic event [5α(H)-stanols/Δ5sterols ratio averaging 0.16], associated with extensive OM degradation, corresponds to the most recent dredging in 2002 and reflects an important disturbance of sediments due to pond management.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 28, 2012 - 9:22:26 AM
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O. Bertrand, L. Mansuy-Huault, E. Montarges-Pelletier, B. Losson, J. Argant, et al.. Molecular evidence for recent land use change from a swampy environment to a pond (Lorraine, France). Organic Geochemistry, Elsevier, 2012, 50, pp.1-10. ⟨10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.06.004⟩. ⟨hal-00758066⟩



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