Flow profile measurement in microchannel using the optical feedback interferometry sensing technique

Abstract : The need to accurately measure flow profiles in microfluidic channels is well recognised. In this work, we present a new optical feedback interferometry (OFI) flow sensor that accurately measures local velocity in fluids and enables reconstruction of a velocity profile inside a microchannel. OFI is a self-aligned interferometric technique that uses the laser as both the transmitter and the receiver thus offering high sensitivity, fast response, and a simple and compact optical design. The system described here is based on a commercial semiconductor laser and has been designed to achieve a micrometer-range spatial resolution. The sensor performance was validated by reconstructing the velocity profile inside a circular cross-section flow-channel with 320 µm internal diameter, with a relative error smaller than 1.8 %. The local flow velocity is directly measured, thus avoiding the need for model based profile calculation and uncertainties inherent to this approach. The system was validated by successfully extracting the flow profiles in both Newtonian and shear-thinning liquids.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 27, 2012 - 11:07:13 AM
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Lucie Campagnolo, Milan Nikolic, Julien Perchoux, Yah Leng Lim, Karl Bertling, et al.. Flow profile measurement in microchannel using the optical feedback interferometry sensing technique. Microfluidics and Nanofluidics, Springer Verlag, 2012, pp.1613-4982. ⟨10.1007/s10404-012-1029-0⟩. ⟨hal-00757538⟩

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