A global learning approach for an online handwritten mathematical expression recognition system

Ahmad-Montaser Awal 1 Harold Mouchère 2 Christian Viard-Gaudin 2
1 irccyn-ivc
EMC - Laboratoire d'Etude des Mécanismes Cognitifs
2 irccyn-ivc
IRCCyN - Institut de Recherche en Communications et en Cybernétique de Nantes
Abstract : Despite the recent advances in handwriting recognition, handwritten two-dimensional (2D) languages are still a challenge. Electrical schemas, chemical equations and mathematical expressions (MEs) are examples of such 2D languages. In this case, the recognition problem is particularly difficult due to the two dimensional layout of the language. This paper presents an online handwritten mathematical expression recognition system that handles mathematical expression recognition as a simultaneous optimization of expression segmentation, symbol recognition, and 2D structure recognition under the restriction of a mathematical expression grammar. The originality of the approach is a global strategy allowing learning mathematical symbols and spatial relations directly from complete expressions. A new contextual modeling is proposed for combining syntactic and structural information. Those models are used to find the most likely combination of segmentation/recognition hypotheses proposed by a 2D segmentation scheme. Thus, models are based on structural information concerning the symbol layout. The system is tested with a new public database of mathematical expressions which was used in the CHROME competition. We have also produced a large base of semi-synthetic expressions which are used to train and test the global learning approach. We obtain very promising results on both synthetic and real expressions databases, as well as in the recent CHROME competition.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00756637
Contributor : Harold Mouchère <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 23, 2012 - 1:54:16 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 20, 2019 - 7:23:53 AM

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Ahmad-Montaser Awal, Harold Mouchère, Christian Viard-Gaudin. A global learning approach for an online handwritten mathematical expression recognition system. Pattern Recognition Letters, Elsevier, 2014, 35 (1), pp.68-77. ⟨10.1016/j.patrec.2012.10.024⟩. ⟨hal-00756637⟩

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