Gradient schemes: a generic framework for the discretisation of linear, nonlinear and nonlocal elliptic and parabolic equations

Abstract : Gradient schemes are nonconforming methods written in discrete variational formulation and based on independent approximations of functions and gradients, using the same degrees of freedom. Previous works showed that several well-known methods fall in the framework of gradient schemes. Four properties, namely coercivity, consistency, limit-conformity and compactness, are shown in this paper to be sufficient to prove the convergence of gradient schemes for linear and nonlinear elliptic and parabolic problems, including the case of nonlocal operators arising for example in image processing. We also show that the Hybrid Mixed Mimetic family, which includes in particular the Mimetic Finite Difference schemes, may be seen as gradient schemes meeting these four properties, and therefore converges for the class of above mentioned problems.
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Jérôme Droniou, Robert Eymard, Thierry Gallouët, Raphaèle Herbin. Gradient schemes: a generic framework for the discretisation of linear, nonlinear and nonlocal elliptic and parabolic equations. Mathematical Models and Methods in Applied Sciences, World Scientific Publishing, 2013, pp.23(13), 2395-2432. ⟨hal-00751551v2⟩

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