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Drug delivery by polymeric nanoparticles induces autophagy in macrophages.

Abstract : Drug delivery nanosystems are currently used in human therapy. In preliminary studies we have observed that Eudragit RS nanoparticles, prepared by nanoprecipitation or double emulsion techniques, are cytotoxic for NR8383 rat macrophages. In this study, we expand our previous analysis and suggest that unloaded Eudragit RS nanoparticles prepared by nanoprecipitation (NP/ERS) may induce important morphological and biochemical cellular modifications leading to cellular death. In NR8383 rat macrophages cell line exposed to doses varying from 15 to 100 μg/mL, NP/ERS nanoparticles are internalized inside the cells, reach the mitochondria and alter the structure of these organelles. In addition, the exposure to nanoparticles induces cellular autophagy as demonstrated by electron microscopy analysis, microchip array, qRT-PCR and Western blot assays. Although toxicity of nanoparticles has already been evidenced, it is the first time that results show clearly that the toxicity of polymeric nanovectors may be related to an activation of autophagy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00746557
Contributor : Didier Maquin <>
Submitted on : Monday, October 29, 2012 - 1:00:29 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 1:04:03 PM

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Housam Eidi, Olivier Joubert, Christophe Némos, Stéphanie Grandemange, Baharia Mograbi, et al.. Drug delivery by polymeric nanoparticles induces autophagy in macrophages.. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Elsevier, 2012, 422 (1-2), pp.495-503. ⟨10.1016/j.ijpharm.2011.11.020⟩. ⟨hal-00746557⟩

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