Nonhomogeneous transfer reveals specificity in speech motor learning

Amélie Rochet-Capellan 1 Lara Richer 2 David J Ostry 2, *
* Auteur correspondant
1 MAGIC
McGill University
Abstract : Does motor learning generalize to new situations that are not experienced during training, or is motor learning essentially specific to the training situation? In the present experiments, we use speech production as a model to investigate generalization in motor learning. We tested for generalization from training to transfer utterances by varying the acoustical similarity between these two sets of utterances. During the training phase of the experiment, subjects received auditory feedback that was altered in real time as they repeated a single consonant-vowel-consonant utterance. Different groups of subjects were trained with different consonant-vowel-consonant utterances, which differed from a subsequent transfer utterance in terms of the initial consonant or vowel. During the adaptation phase of the experiment, we observed that subjects in all groups progressively changed their speech output to compensate for the perturbation (altered auditory feedback). After learning, we tested for generalization by having all subjects produce the same single transfer utterance while receiving unaltered auditory feedback. We observed limited transfer of learning, which depended on the acoustical similarity between the training and the transfer utterances. The gradients of generalization observed here are comparable to those observed in limb movement. The present findings are consistent with the conclusion that speech learning remains specific to individual instances of learning.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Journal of Neurophysiology, American Physiological Society, 2012, 107 (6), pp.1711-7. 〈10.1152/jn.00773.2011〉
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00743786
Contributeur : Amélie Rochet-Capellan <>
Soumis le : samedi 20 octobre 2012 - 11:24:23
Dernière modification le : mardi 11 septembre 2018 - 14:32:04

Lien texte intégral

Identifiants

Citation

Amélie Rochet-Capellan, Lara Richer, David J Ostry. Nonhomogeneous transfer reveals specificity in speech motor learning. Journal of Neurophysiology, American Physiological Society, 2012, 107 (6), pp.1711-7. 〈10.1152/jn.00773.2011〉. 〈hal-00743786〉

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

58