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Impact of spatial heterogeneity on a predator-prey system dynamics

Abstract : This paper deals with the study of a predator-prey model in a patchy environment. Prey individuals moves on two patches, one is a refuge and the second one contains predator individuals. The movements are assumed to be faster than growth and predator-prey interaction processes. Each patch is assumed to be homogeneous. The spatial heterogeneity is obtained by assuming that the demographic parameters (growth rates, predation rates and mortality rates) depend on the patches. On the predation patch, we use a Lotka-Volterra model. Since the movements are faster that the other processes, we may assume that the frequency of prey and predators become constant and we would get a global predator-prey model, which is shown to be a Lotka-Volterra one. However, this simplified model at the population level does not match the dynamics obtained with the complete initial model. We explain this phenomenom and we continue the analysis in order to give a two-dimensional predator-prey model that gives the same dynamics as that provided by the complete initial one. We use this simplified model to study the impact of spatial heterogeneity and movements on the system stability. This analysis shows that there is a globally asymptotically stable equilibrium in the positive quadrant, i.e. the spatial heterogeneity stabilizes the equilibrium.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 15, 2012 - 11:48:08 AM
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Jean-Christophe Poggiale, P Auger. Impact of spatial heterogeneity on a predator-prey system dynamics. Comptes Rendus Biologies, Elsevier Masson, 2004, 327 (11), pp.1058-1063. ⟨10.1016/j.crvi.2004.06.006⟩. ⟨hal-00741765⟩



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