From gradient damage laws to Griffith's theory of crack propagation

Abstract : This paper is devoted to the comparison of the evolution of damage governed by a gradient damage model with the evolution of a crack predicted by Griffith's law. The analysis is made in a two-dimensional setting, assuming that damage is concentrated inside thin bands whose width is proportional to the internal length of the material. Taking advantage of the variational formulation based on the three principles of irreversibility, stability and energy balance, one introduces a generalized Rice path integral which contains terms involving the gradient of damage. Assuming that the internal length of the material is small by comparison with the dimension of the body, a separation of scales is achieved. Owing to the energy balance and the stability condition, one first proves some properties of this path integral with respect to the path. Then, one shows that the evolution of the damage zone is governed by Griffith's law, the dissipated surface energy being given by the energy dissipated in the damage process zone.
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Paul Sicsic, Jean-Jacques Marigo. From gradient damage laws to Griffith's theory of crack propagation. Journal of Elasticity, Springer Verlag, 2013, 113 (1), pp.55-74. ⟨hal-00736729⟩

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