Assessing the capacity of different urban forms to preserve the connectivity of ecological habitats

Abstract : This paper addresses the relationship between anthropogenic forest habitat fragmentation and the form of urban patterns. Using a two-step methodology we first generate 40 theoretical residential development scenarios following a repeatable procedure; the simulated urban forms are either moderately compact or fractal. Then, we compare the scenarios according to the functional connectivity of the remaining forest habitat using a graph-based approach. The methodology is applied to the urban region of Besançon (France), where forest surfaces are considered as a generic habitat for several animal species. Results obtained show that fractal scenarios of residential development are almost equivalent to moderately compact scenarios regarding the connectivity of forest habitat when the residential development is weak. In the case of a more intense residential development, fractal scenarios are superior to nonfractal scenarios when low dispersal distances of animals are concerned.
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Landscape and Urban Planning, Elsevier, 2012, 105 (1-2), pp.128-139. 〈10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.12.008〉
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00736650
Contributeur : Céline Clauzel <>
Soumis le : vendredi 28 septembre 2012 - 17:10:21
Dernière modification le : vendredi 6 juillet 2018 - 15:00:08

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Cécile Tannier, Jean-Christophe Foltête, Xavier Girardet. Assessing the capacity of different urban forms to preserve the connectivity of ecological habitats. Landscape and Urban Planning, Elsevier, 2012, 105 (1-2), pp.128-139. 〈10.1016/j.landurbplan.2011.12.008〉. 〈hal-00736650〉

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