Abstract : Due to the great interest of stereo images in several applications, it becomes mandatory to improve the efficiency of existing coding techniques. For this purpose, many research works have been developed. The basic idea behind most of the reported methods consists of applying an inter-view prediction via the estimated disparity map followed by a separable wavelet transform. In this paper, we propose to use a two-dimensional non separable decomposition based on the concept of vector lifting scheme. Furthermore, we focus on the optimization of all the lifting operators employed with the left and right images. Experimental results carried out on different stereo images show the benefits which can be drawn from the proposed coding method.