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Dynamics of a three-phase upflow fixed bed catalytic reactor

Abstract : A dynamic model of an upflow fixed-bed catalytic reactor is developed to examine numerically transient axial temperature and concentration profiles obtained for the consecutive hydrogenation of 1,5,9-cyclododecateriene on a Pd/Al2O3 catalyst. This non-isothermal heterogeneous model includes the resistances to heat and mass transfer at the gas-liquid and liquid-solid interfaces, as well as the heat exchange through the jacket of the reactor. The predictions of the model are compared to experimental data for various gas and liquid flow rates to describe dynamic events, such as the start-up of the reactor and the effects of sudden changes in the operating conditions on the reactor behaviour and its thermal stability. The predicted transient profiles are in good agreement with the experimental measurements. Still, the dynamic model is not able to correctly predict hot spots and runways experimentally observed at very high hydrogen flow rates.
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Carine Julcour-Lebigue, Franck Stüber, Jean-Marc Le Lann, Anne-Marie Wilhelm, Henri Delmas. Dynamics of a three-phase upflow fixed bed catalytic reactor. Chemical Engineering Science, Elsevier, 1999, vol. 54, pp. 2391-2400. ⟨10.1016/S0009-2509(98)00304-2⟩. ⟨hal-00731121⟩

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