Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Cryptic Diversity in Indo-Pacific Coral-Reef Fishes Revealed by DNA-Barcoding Provides New Support to the Centre-of-Overlap Hypothesis

Abstract : Diversity in coral reef fishes is not evenly distributed and tends to accumulate in the Indo-Malay-Philippines Archipelago (IMPA). The comprehension of the mechanisms that initiated this pattern is in its infancy despite its importance for the conservation of coral reefs. Considering the IMPA either as an area of overlap or a cradle of marine biodiversity, the hypotheses proposed to account for this pattern rely on extant knowledge about taxonomy and species range distribution. The recent large-scale use of standard molecular data (DNA barcoding), however, has revealed the importance of taking into account cryptic diversity when assessing tropical biodiversity. We DNA barcoded 2276 specimens belonging to 668 coral reef fish species through a collaborative effort conducted concomitantly in both Indian and Pacific oceans to appraise the importance of cryptic diversity in species with an Indo-Pacific distribution range. Of the 141 species sampled on each side of the IMPA, 62 presented no spatial structure whereas 67 exhibited divergent lineages on each side of the IMPA with K2P distances ranging between 1% and 12%, and 12 presented several lineages with K2P distances ranging between 3% and 22%. Thus, from this initial pool of 141 nominal species with Indo-Pacific distribution, 79 dissolved into 165 biological units among which 162 were found in a single ocean. This result is consistent with the view that the IMPA accumulates diversity as a consequence of its geological history, its location on the junction between the two main tropical oceans and the presence of a land bridge during glacial times in the IMPA that fostered allopatric divergence and secondary contacts between the Indian and Pacific oceans.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [50 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00722781
Contributor : Laetita Hedouin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, August 4, 2012 - 1:26:54 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 4:20:11 PM

File

journal.pone.0028987.PDF
Publisher files allowed on an open archive

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Nicolas Hubert, Christopher P. Meyer, J. Henrich Bruggemann, Fabien Guérin, Roberto Jl Komeno, et al.. Cryptic Diversity in Indo-Pacific Coral-Reef Fishes Revealed by DNA-Barcoding Provides New Support to the Centre-of-Overlap Hypothesis. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2012, 7 (3), pp.e28987. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0028987⟩. ⟨hal-00722781⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

227

Files downloads

75