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Time Calibration of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope

J.A. Aguilar 1 Imen Al Samarai 2 A. Albert 3 M. André 4 M. Anghinolfi G. Anton 5 S. Anvar 6 M. Ardid 7 A.C. Assis Jesus 8 T. Astraatmadja 8 J.J. Aubert 2 R. Auer 5 B. Baret 9 S. Basa M. Bazzotti 10 V. Bertin 2 S. Biagi 10 C. Bigongiari 1 M. Bou-Cabo 7 M.C. Bouwhuis 8 A.M. Brown 2 J. Brunner 2 J. Busto 2 F. Camarena 7 A. Capone 11 C. Cârloganu 12 G. Carminati 10 J. Carr 2 S. Cecchini Ph. Charvis 13 T. Chiarusi M. Circella H. Costantini N. Cottini 6 P. Coyle 2 C. Curtil 2 M.P. Decowski 8 I. Dekeyser 14 Anne Deschamps 13 C. Distefano C. Donzaud 9, 15 D. Dornic 1, 2 D. Drouhin 3 T. Eberl 5 U. Emanuele 1 J.-P. Ernenwein 2 S. Escoffier 2 F. Fehr 5 V. Flaminio 10 U. Fritsch 5 J.L. Fuda 14 S. Galata 2 Pascal Gay 12 G. Giacomelli 10 J.P. Gómez-González 1 K. Graf 5 G. Guillard 16 G. Halladjian 2 G. Hallewell 2 H. van Haren 17 A.J. Heijboer 8 Y. Hello 13 J.J. Hernández-Rey 1 B. Herold 5 J. Hößl 5 C.C. Hsu 8 M. de Jong 8 M. Kadler N. Kalantar-Nayestanaki 18 O. Kalekin 5 A. Kappes 5 U. Katz 5 P. Kooijman 8, 19, 20 C. Kopper 5 A. Kouchner 9 V. Kulikovskiy 21 R. Lahmann 5 P. Lamare 6 G. Larosa 7 Dominique Lefèvre 14 G. Lim 8, 20 D. Lo Presti 22 H. Loehner 18 S. Loucatos 6 F. Lucarelli 11 S. Mangano 1 M. Marcelin A. Margiotta 10 J.A. Martinez-Mora 7 A. Mazure T. Montaruli 23 M. Morganti 10 L. Moscoso 9, 6 H. Motz 5 C. Naumann 6 M. Neff 5 D. Palioselitis 8 G.E. Păvălaş 24 P. Payre 2 J. Petrovic 8 P. Piattelli N. Picot-Clemente 2 C. Picq 6 V. Popa 24 T. Pradier 24 E. Presani 8 C. Racca 3 C. Reed 8 G. Riccobene C. Richardt 5 M. Rujoiu 24 G.V. Russo 22 F. Salesa 1 P. Sapienza F. Schöck 5 J.P. Schuller 6 R. Shanidze 5 F. Simeone A. Spies 5 M. Spurio 10 J.J.M. Steijger 8 Th. Stolarczyk 6 M. Taiuti 10 Christian Tamburini 14 L. Tasca S. Toscano 1 B. Vallage 6 V. van Elewyck 9 G. Vannoni 6 M. Vecchi 2, 11 P. Vernin 6 G. Wijnker 8 E. de Wolf 8, 20 H. Yepes 1 D. Zaborov 25 J.D. Zornoza 1, * J. Zúñiga 1
Abstract : The ANTARES deep-sea neutrino telescope comprises a three-dimensional array of photomultipliers to detect the Cherenkov light induced by upgoing relativistic charged particles originating from neutrino interactions in the vicinity of the detector. The large scattering length of light in the deep sea facilitates an angular resolution of a few tenths of a degree for neutrino energies exceeding 10 TeV. In order to achieve this optimal performance, the time calibration procedures should ensure a relative time calibration between the photomultipliers at the level of ∼1ns. The methods developed to attain this level of precision are described.
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J.A. Aguilar, Imen Al Samarai, A. Albert, M. André, M. Anghinolfi, et al.. Time Calibration of the ANTARES Neutrino Telescope. Astroparticle Physics, Elsevier, 2011, 34 (7), pp.539-549. ⟨10.1016/j.astropartphys.2010.12.004⟩. ⟨hal-00722474⟩

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