Prediction of the dynamic oscillation threshold in a clarinet model with a linearly increasing blowing pressure

Baptiste Bergeot 1, 2 André Almeida 1 Christophe Vergez 2 Bruno Gazengel 1
2 Sons
LMA - Laboratoire de Mécanique et d'Acoustique [Marseille] : UPR7051
Abstract : Reed instruments are modeled as self-sustained oscillators driven by the pressure inside the mouth of the musician. A set of nonlinear equations connects the control parameters (mouth pressure, lip force) to the system output, hereby considered as the mouthpiece pressure. Clarinets can then be studied as dynamical systems, their steady behavior being dictated uniquely by the values of the control parameters. Considering the resonator as a lossless straight cylinder is a dramatic yet common simplification that allows for simulations using nonlinear iterative maps. In this paper, we investigate analytically the effect of a time-varying blowing pressure on the behavior of this simplified clarinet model. When the control parameter varies, results from the so-called dynamic bifurcation theory are required to properly analyze the system. This study highlights the phenomenon of bifurcation delay and defines a new quantity, the dynamic oscillation threshold. A theoretical estimation of the dynamic oscillation threshold is proposed and compared with numerical simulations.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 27, 2014 - 11:10:36 AM
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Baptiste Bergeot, André Almeida, Christophe Vergez, Bruno Gazengel. Prediction of the dynamic oscillation threshold in a clarinet model with a linearly increasing blowing pressure. Nonlinear Dynamics, Springer Verlag, 2013, 73 (1), pp.521-534. ⟨10.1007/s11071-013-0806-y⟩. ⟨hal-00719228v4⟩

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